大學生關心自己哪些事?--大學生「關懷自身」之調查研究(英文稿)

丁熒 郭

摘要


Caring-for-self, which originates from the concepts of Foucault and Noddings, explores the self-concept, self-discovery, self-performance, and self-shaping. This study investigated the current status of undergraduate caring-for-self and explored the differences in caring-for-self of undergraduates with diverse backgrounds. In total, 1,361 undergraduates participated in this study, which used the Caring-for-Self Inventory for Undergraduates as a valid and reliable instrument, established based on a pretest in which 462 undergraduates participated. The data obtained were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics and a multiple analysis of variance. The caring-for-self of the undergraduates surveyed was categorized into 5 dimensions: job and family, learning, spiritual, physical, and recreational. Among the 5 dimensions, the spiritual dimension was the most cared-for dimension of undergraduates, likely because of the influence of the Sunflower Student Movement in which many undergraduates involved in the discussion of their belief upon the society improvement. Significant differences in undergraduate caring-for-self were observed for factors of grade, gender, religion, school location, and college. However, school sponsor and socioeconomic status factors revealed no significant difference on students’ caring-for-self. Compared with Noddings’s 4 vital concerns of peoples’ caring-for-self, undergraduate caring-for-self in this study contains an additional learning dimension and excludes religion from the spiritual dimension. The added learning dimension indicated the salient role of undergraduates, whereas the absence of religion from the spiritual dimension may result from the cultural characteristics in Taiwan. This study offers 3 suggestions for undergraduates, educators, and university administrators: dialogue with others, issues-centered-approach teaching, and constructing information platforms, respectively.

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